Frozen shoulder: Causes, symptoms, and treatments


Frozen shoulder is a pathology of the shoulder joint associated with stiffness and reduction in mobility.This condition’s medical term is adhesive capsulitis – inflammation of the shoulder capsule, where bands of tissue called adhesions are formed around it and thicken it. People between the age of 40-65 and women are at an increased risk to develop Frozen shoulder. 


  • Broken arm
  • Immobility
  • Reduced mobility
  • Rotator cuff pathology
  • Stroke
  • Post-surgery recovery


The symptoms of this condition develope gradually and they are commonly divided in three stages.

The Freezing stage: The movements of the shoulder begin to cause pain and the range of motion is reduced.

The Frozen stage: The pain becomes more intense and the range of motion is even more limited. The person is less functional and experiences apprehension with shoulder movements.

Thawing stage: The mobility of the shoulder is slowly improving. The strength and function return to normal. The thawing stage can last from 6 months to 3 years.

Physiotherapy for Frozen shoulder:

Physiotherapy can help to restore the motion and strength of the shoulder and additionally to speed up the recovery.

Main physiotherapy protocols include:

  • Exercising plan
  • Manual therapy
  • Lazer therapy
  • Shockwave therapy
  • Stretches
  • Pain relief advice

Have you been diagnosed with Frozen shoulder? Are you experiencing similar symptoms?

Book a free consultation today in one of our clinics discuss it with one of our specialists.


Andreas Ouogko MSc. Chartered Physiotherapist